I believe that people inherently want to do the right thing. This absolutely includes our students (although it sometimes might not seem like it). Most people like to know where they stand. We all like to know what is acceptable and what will get us into trouble. Students often test teachers in order to explore these boundaries. There is nothing worse than having a teacher leaping out to enforce rules and regulations that you were only dimly aware of.
Your students already know the rules
If your classroom’s rules are fair and clear, most students will be following them within a couple of months, if not before. I teach middle (and sometimes high) school. The students I teach have attended school for many years. They already know how to behave in a classroom. When I was their age, there was nothing worse than the first week of term when every single teacher’s first lesson was about their behaviour expectations. As if they were all different from each other’s(!) I try to take a different approach. My first lesson is a real lesson, I teach them something. Then I decide if I need to tackle poor behaviour or if they are already on track.
Seriously, they already know the rules!
Most of my colleagues ask students which rules they would like for their classroom. In my first year of teaching, a 12 year old said “Miss, you’re the teacher. You tell us,” and would not accept my appeals that I wanted the class to have ownership. Anyway, the rules are always the standard “Listen to others, Be respectful, Be prepared for lessons” etc etc.
Beware the floating voters
Instead, choose five things that you want to see in your classroom, five things you want your students to do every lesson. And recognise them for it. Your major behavioural problems are not coming so much from the minority of children with behavioural special needs (although, of course those students are challenging), but from the floating voters. The children who need to see which way the wind is blowing before they act. If those children see that you appreciate their good behaviour, they are much less likely to act up.
Consistency is not as big a deal as everyone says (sorry)
But, and this is a bit rebellious of me, don’t worry about consistency that much. Rewards are much more powerful when they are a bit unpredictable. Yes, students want you to be consistent and I’m not suggesting you should be actively unfair. But it is okay to forget to reward certain behaviours once in a while. Just as long as you get around to it the next time.
The ultimate aim is to stop rewarding them
Same goes for slacking off with your system towards the end of term. This is a good thing. You do not want to create adults who only do things because they will be praised or get a reward, you want adults who self-regulate their behaviour because it is the right thing to do. There is nothing wrong with weaning your students off of rewards toward the end of term. If your students are doing the right thing without external motivation, then the rewards have served their purpose. I see behavioural policies more as a temporary scaffolding structure, to allow the students to build their own values and responses.
(Published first by ClassDojo Thought Partners blog)